The OER Knowledge Cloud makes use of cookies. By continuing, you consent to this use. More information.
E-learning, online education and open education: A contribution to a theoretical approach
Journal Article
RIED. Revista Iberoamericana de Educación a Distancia
Volume 19, Issue 1, Pages 253-269, Start page 253
Published January 2016

ABSTRACT
PORTUGUESE LANGUAGE ATTACHMENT ONLY

Resumo
O presente artigo resulta das reflexões desenvolvidas no âmbito do Observatório da Qualidade do Ensino a Distância e e-Learning sediado na Universidade Aberta e, ainda, da participação na docência do curso “MOOCs: Fundamentos e Práticas”. Trata-se de um artigo de natureza eminentemente teórica que pretende ser um contributo para a delimitação do universo concetual da Educação Online. Neste texto, são explorados os conceitos de e-Learning, Educação Online e Educação Aberta Virtual. Em primeiro lugar, aborda-se a diversidade de conceções sobre o e-Learning para, depois, se propor uma definição do conceito. Em segundo lugar, enquadra-se a Educação Online no espetro da Educação a Distância. E, em terceiro lugar, são propostos alguns referenciais para a caracterização do conceito de Educação Aberta na sociedade digital e dos seus movimentos atuais mais relevantes: os Recursos Educativos Abertos (OER) e os Massive Open Online Courses (MOOC). Em relação aos OER salienta-se que a matriz desse movimento ultrapassa o mero acesso a conteúdos e recursos e associa-se a uma nova filosofia educativa, a novos valores baseados na abertura, na ética da participação e na colaboração (Peters, 2008). No âmbito da reflexão sobre os MOOC, dá-se destaque à ecologia de aprendizagem específica desses cursos e sublinha-se a necessidade de reconceptualizar conceitos tradicionais, como o de inscrição, participação, frequência, aproveitamento do estudante, na senda da investigação desenvolvida por DeBoer, Ho, Stump e Breslow (2014). Finalmente, reitera-se a dispersão de conceções sobre e-Learning, Educação Online e Educação Aberta e propõe-se que a investigação em Educação a Distância seja um referencial central para a redução da entropia atualmente existente nas Instituições de Ensino Superior Presencial, relativamente à apropriação de conceitos-chave da Educação a Distância Online.

Abstract
This article arises from the discussions carried out within the Observatory for Quality on Distance Education and e-Learning at Universidade Aberta (Portugal) and also from the participation in a brief program about "Massive Open Online Courses: Principles and Practices". This theoretical article aims to contribute to a conceptual description about online distance education territories. In this paper we explore different perspectives about e-Learning, Online Education and Virtual Open Education. Firstly, we address a diversity of perspectives about e-Learning and then we recommend a meaning to this construct. Secondly, we analyze different perspectives about Online Education. Thirdly, we propose some referents to describe Open Education in digital society and its most relevant current movements, such as Open Educational Resources (OER) and Massive Open Online Courses (MOOC). In what concerns to OER, it should be noted that the matrix of this movement goes beyond the access to the contents and the resources; at the contrary, it is linked to a new educational philosophy, new values founded on openness, ethics of participation and collaboration (Peters, 2008). As a part of the analysis about MOOCs, we highlight a new learning ecology, as well as we enhance the importance of reconceptualizing traditional concepts, such as enrollment, participation, attendance, students’ achievement, according to DeBoer, Ho, Stump e Breslow (2014). Finally, we reiterate the diversity of perspectives on Learning, Online Education and Open Education and we suggest that the research in Distance Education should be a central referent for the decrease of the currently existing entropy in face-to-face higher education institutions, in the appropriation process of key concepts of Online Distance Education.


Country: Portugal
Region: Europe
ISSN: 1138-2783
Other information: RIED

Refereed: Yes



Click a star to be the first to rate this document


POST A COMMENT
SIMILAR RECORDS

The limitations of access alone: moving towards open processes in education technology
Knox, Jeremy
“Openness” has emerged as one of the foremost themes in education, within which an open education movement has enthusiastically embraced digital technologies as the central means of participation and inclusion. Open ...
Match: online education, OER, MOOC

Effectiveness of multimedia in learning & teaching data structures online
Junaidu, Sahalu
Web is a globally distributed, still highly personalized media for cost-effective delivery of multimedia information and services. Web is expected to have a strong impact on almost every aspect of how we learn. ‘Total ...
Match: e-learning, online education, Europe

Open Education: Introduction to selected papers
Gil-Jaurena, Inés
This issue of Open Praxis compiles selected papers presented at the Open Education Consortium Global Conference, held in Cape Town (South Africa) on March 8-10, 2017. Additionaly, the Innovative Practice section ...
Match: online education, OER, MOOC

Quali scenari per le pratiche e-learning nell’università? Gli “Open Educational Path”
Calvani, Antonio; Menichetti, Laura
E-learning for over fifteen years has evolved from a simple instrument for virtual educational interactions (1.0) to an environment capable of promoting wide participatory experiences (2.0). Recently, Open philosophy ...
Match: e-learning, OER, Europe

High aspirations: Transforming dance students from print consumers to digital producers
Alvarez, Inma
During 2012, the Dance Department at the University of Surrey developed a set of Open Educational Resources with a Creative Commons license (Attribution, Non- Commercial, Share Alike) for dance studies as part of the ...
Match: e-learning, OER, Europe

Gli Open Educational Path: per una accezione epistemologica di “apertura”
Calvani, Antonio; Menichetti, Laura
L’e-learning universitario ha visto affermarsi nuovi orientamenti all’insegna di una filosofia di “apertura” (openness) intesa come libero accesso e/o gratuità: i MOOC ne sono l’esempio più noto. È questa ...
Match: e-learning, MOOC, Europe

MOOC, OER e l’approccio “flipped classroom”: due case study di transizione in ambito scolastico e aziendale
Sancassani, Susanna; Casiraghi, Daniela; Corti, Paola; Trentinaglia, Nicoletta
La portata innovativa dei MOOC non esaurisce la sua rilevanza nell’ambito dei processi di apprendimento che si svolgono in rete. Uno dei principali obiettivi che ha mosso grandi università quali Stanford o MIT ad ...
Match: e-learning, MOOC, Europe

Motivating MOOC participants
Mokwa-Tarnowska, Iwona; Gdańska, Politechnika
Over the last four years, massive online open courses (MOOCs) have attracted millions of learners from around the world. Many factors seem to play an important role in them gaining in popularity. One of them is ...
Match: e-learning, MOOC, Europe

The use of open educational resources in online learning: A study of students’ perception
Harsasi, Meirani
Universitas Terbuka (UT) is Indonesia’s higher education institution which implements distance education system. The term distance implies that learning is not performed face-to-face but there is geographically ...
Match: e-learning, OER, Europe

MOOCs and academic libraries: a chance or a problem? An overview
Testoni, Laura
Massive open online courses(MOOCs) are online courses free and open to anyone: the MOOCs enrollement is essentially unlimited. Purpose of this essay is to offer an overview on the debate about the development of the ...
Match: e-learning, MOOC, Europe